J P Chawla & Co. LLP

In an era characterized by rapid globalization and interconnected economies, the financial landscape of nations plays a pivotal role in shaping their growth trajectories. Recently, India took a significant stride towards enhancing its global footprint with the introduction of a groundbreaking initiative – allowing Indian companies to list their shares in international stock exchanges situated within the Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT City). This landmark development not only symbolizes India’s aspirations for financial expansion but also opens up a plethora of opportunities for businesses seeking to tap into global capital markets. 

GIFT City, nestled in the vibrant state of Gujarat, has swiftly emerged as a beacon of modernity and innovation in the realm of finance. Its strategic location, coupled with world-class infrastructure and progressive regulatory frameworks, makes it an ideal destination for businesses aiming to access international capital and widen their investor base.  

The Government introduced two international stock exchanges situated within the GIFT City i.e. India International Exchange, NSE International Exchange under the permissible jurisdiction of International Financial Services Centre in India. 

This blog post delves into the significance of this move from the perspective of Indian companies and explores the myriad benefits it brings forth. From unlocking new avenues for capital raising to amplifying global exposure, the decision to allow Indian companies to list in GIFT City stock exchanges marks a paradigm shift in India’s economic landscape. Let’s embark on a journey to understand the implications of this transformative initiative and how it stands to reshape the fortunes of Indian businesses on the global stage. 

Benefits of Listing in International Stock Exchanges at GIFT City 

Listing on international stock exchanges at GIFT City offers numerous benefits for Indian companies, providing a compelling proposition from the user’s perspective: 

Enhanced Access to Capital: One of the primary advantages of listing on international stock exchanges is the ability to tap into a vast pool of global investors. By expanding beyond domestic markets, Indian companies can access a more diverse range of capital sources, facilitating liquidity and funding for various growth initiatives. This access to capital can be crucial for funding expansion plans, research and development, or other strategic initiatives. 

Increased Visibility and Credibility: International listing elevates a company’s profile on the global stage, enhancing its visibility and credibility among investors worldwide. Being listed on reputable international exchanges not only signals the company’s strength and stability but also fosters investor confidence. This increased visibility can attract institutional investors and analysts, leading to greater interest and potential valuation uplift for the company. 

Portfolio Diversification: Diversification is a crucial aspect of risk management for any investor or company. By listing on international exchanges, Indian companies can diversify their investor base beyond domestic boundaries, reducing reliance on any single market. This diversification helps mitigate risks associated with economic downturns, regulatory changes, or market-specific challenges in the domestic market. Additionally, it provides access to investors with varying risk appetites and investment strategies, further strengthening the company’s financial resilience. 

Exposure to Global Markets: Listing on international stock exchanges opens up opportunities for Indian firms to tap into global markets and consumer bases. By accessing international exchanges, companies can expand their reach beyond national borders, potentially unlocking new revenue streams and growth opportunities. This exposure to global markets allows Indian companies to capitalize on international trends, partnerships, and collaborations, driving innovation and competitiveness.  

Regulatory Framework and Operational Considerations 

Indian companies considering listing on international stock exchanges face a complex landscape of regulatory and operational challenges. Moreover, navigating the tax implications and regulatory frameworks across different jurisdictions demands thorough examination and strategic planning.  

Legal provisions related to the Listing of equity shares on International Exchanges by unlisted Public Companies incorporated in India: – 

The Ministry of Finance through Foreign Exchange Management (Non-debt Instruments) Amendment Rules, 2024 dated January 24, 2024, allowed the Indian Public Companies to directly list their shares on international stock exchanges located in GIFT City, Gujarat. In addition, Ministry of Corporate affairs vide circular dated January 24, 2024, published the Companies (Listing of Equity Shares in Permissible Jurisdictions) Rules, 2024 and introduced Form Leap-1 for submission of prospectus.  

Currently, only unlisted public Indian companies can list their shares on international exchanges.  The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is in the process of issuing the operational guidelines for listed public Indian companies. Further, the private companies, are ineligible to list in international exchanges. 

Impact on Indian Financial Markets and Economy 

The prospect of Indian companies listing on international stock exchanges within GIFT City holds significant implications for both the country’s financial markets and its broader economy, promising various benefits for domestic stakeholders and the overall growth trajectory. 

Firstly, the anticipated influx of capital from foreign investors could serve as a major catalyst for economic expansion. With increased investment flowing into the country, there is a potential for heightened economic activity, leading to job creation across various sectors, which is crucial for sustaining long-term growth and improving the quality of life for Indian citizens. 

Moreover, the enhanced global visibility and competitiveness of Indian firms resulting from international listings can have profound effects on the economy. By showcasing Indian companies on a global platform, it not only attracts foreign investment but also strengthens India’s reputation as an attractive destination for business and entrepreneurship. This, in turn, fosters innovation and drives competitiveness within domestic industries, ultimately contributing to overall economic prosperity. 

In essence, the potential impact of Indian companies listing on international exchanges within GIFT City extends far beyond the financial markets. It has the potential to catalyze a virtuous cycle of growth, investment, and innovation that could redefine India’s position in the global economy and pave the way for sustainable development in the years to come. 

Future Outlook and Opportunities 

The emergence of Indian companies listing on international stock exchanges within GIFT City underscores the importance of ongoing cooperation among regulatory bodies, financial institutions, and stakeholders to uphold the momentum and guarantee the effectiveness of this venture. To excel in the ever-evolving realm of international capital markets, Indian enterprises must wholeheartedly embrace innovation, adaptability, and globally recognized standards. With India’s increasing prominence on the global arena, the integration of GIFT City into the international financial framework promises to unleash unparalleled avenues for economic advancement and widespread prosperity. 


The decision to allow Indian companies to list their shares in international stock exchanges located within GIFT City, Gujarat, marks a significant milestone in India’s journey towards economic globalization and financial liberalization. As India embraces the opportunities presented by GIFT City, collaborative efforts from stakeholders across sectors will be instrumental in realizing the full potential of this transformative initiative. With a proactive approach and a commitment to excellence, Indian companies are poised to thrive in the competitive landscape of international capital markets, contributing to the nation’s emergence as a global economic powerhouse.