J P Chawla & Co. LLP

Understanding the New TCS Amendments: A Comprehensive Guide

As we journey through this vast fiscal landscape, our spotlight today focuses on the ever-evolving Tax Collection at Source (TCS) amendments. These changes often spark numerous discussions in financial circles, leading to curiosity among many. So, whether you’re a seasoned tax professional, a business owner, or simply a curious soul eager to grasp the nuances, this guide promises clarity.

First Things First: What is TCS?

Tax collection at source (TCS) is an additional amount collected as tax by a seller of specified goods from the buyer at the time of sale over and above the sale amount and is remitted to the government account.

As per Income-tax Act, 1961 certain persons, being the sellers must collect a specified percentage of tax (as given in para 8 below) at the time of receipt of amount from their buyers or at the time of debiting of the account of the buyer whichever is earlier. Section 206C of the Income-tax Act mentions the particulars of goods, on sale of which tax needs to be collected from the purchasers.

However, no collection of tax (TCS) shall be made in case of buyer, who is resident of India, if such buyer furnishes to the collector (seller) the declaration in writing to the effect that the goods are to be utilized for the purpose of manufacturing, processing or producing article or things (all for the purpose of generation of power) and not for trading purpose.

One copy of such declaration is required to be submitted to the Chief Commissioner of Income-tax or Commissioner of Income Tax on or before expiry of 7 days from the end of the month in which the sale is effected.

Besides sale of goods, every person who enters into an agreement of lease, license or contract for parking lot, toll plaza or mining or quarrying will collect an amount @ 2% from such parties as TCS.

The person collecting tax has to obtain Tax Collection Account Number (TAN) and quote it in all challans, certificates and returns and all other documents pertaining to the transactions. The buyer shall furnish his Permanent Account Number (PAN) to theseller, failing which tax shall be collected at the higher rate (twice or 5 percent whichever is higher)

TCS: The What and Why of the New Provisions

The Finance Act of 2023 had brought about some significant changes to TCS, especially related to the Liberalized Remittance Scheme (LRS) and overseas tour program packages. Let’s break this down:

1. The Rate: From a flat 5% TCS, we now see a rise to 20% for LRS remittances and overseas tour package purchases. But, if you’re sending money abroad for education or medical treatments, you get a break – those remittances are still at the gentler TCS rates.

2. No More Safe Zones: Earlier, if your LRS remittance was below Rs 7 lakh, TCS didn’t bother you. Now, this safety net is gone, bringing even small remittances under the TCS radar.

3. Putting Stakeholder Concerns to Rest: Amidst the changes, the government realized stakeholders were wary about certain provisions, especially those affecting credit card transactions. And so, to allow more time for everyone to adjust, the government decided to hold off on some of these changes.

Diverse Scenarios for TCS Collection:

The Act details several scenarios where TCS is applicable:

Section 206C(1): This section covers a wide array of goods and transactions:

– Sale of scrap has a TCS rate of 1%, with no minimum threshold.

– Tendu leaves carry a TCS rate of 5%.

– Timber obtained under a forest lease or any other mode, and any other forest produce not being timber or tendu leaves, both come with a TCS rate of 2.5%.

– The sale of minerals like coal, lignite, and iron ore attracts a 1% TCS.

– Alcoholic liquor for human consumption also has a TCS rate of 1%.

Section 206C(1C): This section refers to transactions involving leasing or licensing of parking lots, toll plazas, and mining and quarrying, imposing a 2% TCS rate.

Section 206C(1F): The sale of motor vehicles above the value of Rs 10 Lakhs per transaction attracts a 1% TCS.

Section 206C(1G): This encompasses foreign remittances:

– A 0.5% TCS is levied on amounts sent under the LRS exceeding Rs. 7 Lakh in a financial year, specifically for educational loans from financial institutions under section 80E.

– Other remittances for education or medical purposes over Rs 7 Lakh incur a 5% TCS.

– Any other foreign remittance over Rs. 7 Lakh attracts a TCS rate of 20%.

– The sale of overseas tour packages is subject to a TCS of 20%, noting that this was previously 5% in FY 2022-23.

Section 206C(1H): Sales exceeding Rs. 50 Lakh by businesses with a turnover exceeding Rs 10 Crore in the previous financial year incur a TCS of 0.1% on the sale amount beyond Rs. 50 Lakh.

Higher TCS for Non-compliance:

Section 206CC highlights that non-filers of income tax returns will see the TCS rate doubled or increased to 5%, whichever is higher, capped at a maximum rate of 20%.

Navigating TCS Certificates and Exemptions

After you make a sale that involves Tax Collection at Source (TCS), the journey of that tax from transaction to treasury is one of meticulous record-keeping. As a seller, you’re playing the role of a tax collector, and with that hat comes the responsibility of issuing a TCS certificate to your buyer. This isn’t just any document; it’s Form 27D, a testament to your tax diligence, provided once you file your quarterly TCS return via Form 27EQ.

Inside Form 27D:

Picture this: A neatly laid out document housing critical details like the names of the buyer and seller, the seller’s Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN), and the Permanent Account Numbers (PAN) for both parties. It outlines the tax collected, when it was scooped up, and at what rate. It’s the buyer’s proof that the tax was collected and a record that you, the seller, have done your part.

Timelines to Watch Out For:

You’ve circled the dates in red on your calendar—those crucial deadlines for filing your TCS returns:

– 15th July for the April-June quarter,

– 15th October for the July-September stretch,

– 15th January for the October-December term, and finally,

– 15th May for the January-March quarter.

Post-filing, there’s a 15-day window to issue Form 27D to your buyers—think of it as the finish line for each tax quarter’s marathon.

Understanding TCS Exemptions:

It’s not all about collecting tax, though. There are moments of reprieve where TCS steps aside. If you’re purchasing goods but they’re just for your personal use, TCS doesn’t come into play. Similarly, if you’re buying to manufacture, process, or produce something (except if you’re trading), the tax collector’s hat stays off.

E-Commerce and TCS Under GST:

Come 1st October 2018, the e-commerce landscape added a new feature: TCS under the Goods and Services Tax (GST). If you’re an online seller, say on Flipkart or any other platform, your payouts are now tax-trimmed. The e-commerce operator holds back 1% (0.5% in CGST and 0.5% in SGST) from your proceeds, dutifully depositing this with the government by the 10th of the following month. And yes, this means a mandatory GST registration, no matter your size.

The Nitty-Gritty of TCS Provisions

Let’s make this simple with some scenarios:

– Scenario 1: Imagine you’re an authorized dealer, and Mr. A wishes to send money abroad through LRS. If Mr. A’s amount is Rs 10 lakh, you’ll collect 20% TCS from him.

– Scenario 2: Now, if Mr. A’s daughter is going abroad for higher studies and he’s sending Rs 8 lakh for her fees, you’ll only collect 5% TCS on the Rs 1 lakh that exceeds the Rs 7 lakh mark.

– Scenario 3: If Mr. A’s Rs 8 lakh is a loan for his daughter’s studies abroad, then the TCS you collect is just 0.5% on that extra Rs 1 lakh.

Remember, if you’re an authorized dealer and Mr. A is buying an overseas package tour from Mr. B who already collected TCS, you don’t need to collect TCS again. Double taxation averted!

The Risks of Not Complying with TCS Regulations

Attention to all tax collectors! It’s crucial to understand the consequences of failing to collect or remit the Tax Collected at Source (TCS) to the government’s account. Let’s walk through what could happen if you overlook these important responsibilities.

  • A Delay Could Cost You:

First off, if you’re responsible for collecting tax but somehow drop the ball, you’re not just on the hook for the tax amount. Expect to pay an interest penalty of 1% per month, or even a part of the month, until the tax is collected.

  • When Collection Isn’t Enough:

Remember, collecting the tax is only half the battle. If you’ve collected TCS but haven’t deposited it within the prescribed deadlines, the clock starts ticking again. Another interest charge of 1% per month starts to accrue on the collected amount for every month of delay.

  • Penalties Can Equal the Tax:

If you’re thinking the interest sounds painful, here’s the kicker: under section 271CA of the Income Tax Act, there’s a penalty that could equal the very amount of tax you were supposed to collect. That’s right—you might end up paying double.

  • Legal Repercussions Are Serious:

Lastly, let’s talk about the legal side of things. Under section 276BB, if you fail to comply with the TCS provisions, you could be looking at prosecution with the possibility of imprisonment for up to 7 years.

So, Why Does All of This Matter?

Each of us plays a pivotal role in financial growth and stability of our country. By understanding these tax changes, we ensure that our hard-earned money is managed efficiently, legally, and ethically. Furthermore, as India refines its tax policies, being informed enables us to make smarter financial decisions.


With this guide, we hope to have made the complex world of TCS a tad clearer. Taxation isn’t just about paying money to the government; it’s about understanding where our money goes and how it helps build our nation.

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